UN SECURITY COUNCIL SUPPORTING WESTERN MILITARY AND ECONOMIC INTERESTS IN LIBYA
Abu ANAS AL-LIBI and AHMED ABU KHATTALA were only two of the hundreds of LIBYANS who had gained their expertise from the networks that were spawned by Western intelligence forces in the anti-GADDAFI fight. These groups could never agree and ended up in rival militias. Those militias that were from the western parts of LIBYA coalesced around the groups called DAWN. DAWN forces were resisting the domination of the bureaucratic and professional elements who called themselves the legitimate government. This faction won the most recent ‘elections’ in LIBYA. This is the faction that claims international legitimacy, the 200-member Council of Representatives (COR).
OVER $100 BILLION UNDER THE GOVERNOR OF THE CENTRAL BANK
With the support of QATAR, SUDAN, and TURKEY, the “illegitimate forces” controlled one of the most strategic assets in post-GADDAFI LIBYA, the Central Bank. It is reported that there is over $100 billion under the Governor of the Central Bank. These militias, with the backbone forces hailing from MISRATA, had pushed through a law in 2013 excluding former officials of the GADDAFI government from participating in the government. This law was one of the many steps to marginalize those educated elements who had worked closely with SAIF AL ISLAM as “reformers” but had jumped ship to place themselves at the head of the rebellion in 2011.
REBELLION CHIEF HIFTER RETURNED TO LIBYA WITH THE BLESSING OF THE USA
One of those who had placed himself at the head of the rebellion was General HIFTER who had been part of the armed forces of LIBYA under GADDAFI. In the 1980s he joined the opposition and retreated to VIRGINIA in the USA. After the incessant NATO bombings in 2011, he returned to LIBYA and placed himself as the most senior officer in the rebellion, especially after the assassination of General YOUNIS. There were credible media reports that HIFTER returned with the blessings of a faction of the US policy-making community based in LANGLEY, VIRGINIA. Like the Western supported (COR), HIFTER could not build a real political and military base and was driven out of BENGHAZI militarily. In February 2014, HIFTER called a coup d’etat but no one paid attention. It was after this failure that HIFTER turned to EGYPT, ALGERIA and the UNITED ARAB EMIRATES for military support.
|Gen. HIFTER - US sponsored?|
Then, these states bombed positions of rival militias in BENGHAZI. HIFTER is supposed to be aligned to the internationally recognized government in BAYDA, but as one can see from the withdrawal of the QATAR ambassador from EGYPT, there are members of the GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL that do not recognize this government in BEYDA.
In many of the recommendations coming out of the think tanks and policy centers of the West there have been calls for reconciliation between the HIFTER forces and the MISRATA forces. The specter of continued proxy warfare between QATAR, TURKEY and SUDAN on one side and EGYPT and SAUDI ARABIA on the other was very disquieting for the Western imperial forces that want to dominate the future of LIBYA and NORTH AFRICA. Hence, on August 27, the UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL adopted Resolution 2174, authorizing the placement of financial and travel sanctions on individuals and entities in LIBYA and internationally who are found to be “engaging in or providing support for other acts that threaten the peace, stability or security of LIBYA, or obstruct or undermine the successful completion of its political transition.”
THERE IS REAL MONEY IN TRIPOLI
Having failed militarily and politically to hold power in TRIPOLI, the Western backed forces of the COR that had been driven to the border at TOBRUK then sought the intercession of the UNITED NATIONS. By the summer of 2014, TRIPOLI was no longer safe for Western embassies and their strategic planners. They fled to strategize from next door in TUNISIA. The UNITED NATIONS deployed BERNARDINO LEÓN to negotiate a settlement between the rival forces. Since these negotiations have been underway, there emerged an even deadlier struggle regarding the control of the CENTRAL BANK.
From the NEW YORK TIMES we learnt that the Treasury Secretary of the UNITED STATES, JACK LEW, threw his support behind SADIK OMAR EL-KABER, Chairman of the CENTRAL BANK OF LIBYA. There is one branch of the CENTRAL BANK IN BENGHAZI that was seized recently by the “internationally recognized government” forces loyal to BEYDA, but the gold and reserves are held in Tripoli.
According to the NEW YORK TIMES, “The central bank, which holds more than $100 billion in foreign cash reserves and investments, has so far remained aloof from the chaos that has steadily engulfed LIBYA since the ouster of Col. MUAMMAR EL-QADDAFI in 2011. The bank’s chairman, SADIK OMAR EL-KABER, a respected veteran of several international banks who was appointed by the Western-backed transitional government after Colonel QADDAFI fell, had sought to remain neutral.
‘The central bank is the last line of defense of state institutions and it is very important that it stays far away from political struggles,’ the bank said in a statement at the beginning of the month.”
US TREASURY VERSUS US FOREIGN POLICY ESTABLISHMENT
Where are the analysts who can shed light on why the US Treasury supports the faction in TRIPOLI that controls the CENTRAL BANK OF LIBYA, while the FOREIGN POLICY ESTABLISHMENT and intelligence services support the HIFTER faction that has been pushed to the margins of LIBYAN society in the BAYDA–TOBRUK region?
In the past six months, the UNITED NATIONS has been seeking to give weight to this faction camped out in the EAST while awaiting EGYPTIAN military support. Members of the SECURITY COUNCIL who have been destabilized by the activities of the NATO forces and their allies cannot be intellectually and politically lazy when it comes to this new quest by FRANCE and EGYPT to seek the mandate of the UN to enter into LIBYA to give legitimacy to the HIFTER faction. The “internationally recognized faction” of LIBYAN society has now called on the SECURITY COUNCIL of the UNITED NATIONS to lift the arms embargo against LIBYA, so that LIBYANS can defend themselves against ISIS. This claim must be scrutinized by the real international community, the billions of world citizens who are suffering from the repression, exploitation, militarism and plunder of the imperial project of Western capitalism.
WESTERN DESTABILIZATION, ISIS AND THE COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARY MOMENT
The uprisings in EGYPT and TUNISIA signaled a profound turn of the peoples against the plunder and exploitation of their societies. The Western political establishment and military that supported governments such as BEN ALI and HOSNI MUBARAK were taken aback by the swiftness of the removal of these loyal servants of neo-liberal capitalism. In the book ‘Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in LIBYA’ the intervention in LIBYA had been precipitated by the need to have a base to launch a war against the workers of EGYPT when the revolution matures and the people rise up against the militarists of the region.
The same Western media that have been pushing the drumbeats of war are in the main silent when EGYPT imprisons and kills those who want fundamental change in EGYPT. In the same week that EGYPT was bombing LIBYA, the courts under the military leader EL-SISI sentenced the prominent EGYPTIAN activist ALAA ABDEL-FATTAH to five years in prison. Eighteen others were sentenced to three years in prison and also fined for opposing the military dictatorship in EGYPT.
THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL SHOULD BE LURED INTO BACKING WESTERN FORCES TO TAKE CHARGE OF LIBYA
The politics of retrogression in LIBYA and EGYPT has descended to such a state and the peoples do need peace. Yet the nature of the political and economic crisis in EGYPT is in many ways even direr to the point where EGYPTIAN workers will still go to LIBYA to eke out a livelihood. Many from the progressive movements have retreated from a clear position of support for the EGYPTIAN workers and their allies who want peace. The SECURITY COUNCIL OF THE UNITED NATIONS must not be railroaded to place the Western-backed forces in charge of LIBYA. There should be clear opposition to the proxy wars in LIBYA and for the UN to expose and expel EGYPT, QATAR, TURKEY and SAUDI ARABIA from their mischief-making in LIBYA.
Before NATO’s intervention, LIBYA’S civil war was on the verge of ending, at the cost of barely 1,000 lives. Since then, however, LIBYA has suffered at least 10,000 additional deaths from conflict. In other words, NATO’s intervention appears to have increased the violent death toll more than tenfold.
THE NONALIGNED WORLD AND THE SPIRIT OF BANDUNG
This year marks 60 years since the people of the global South met in BANDUNG to oppose colonialism and imperialism. In those 60 years the frontiers of colonialism have been replaced by the Wests usage of financial warfare to oppress the common people and support financial institutions. In a world where the bankers are promoting austerity everywhere, the push by Global NATO is to control all sources of maneuver by oppressing people. Religious extremism has now been found to be a useful tool to promote barbarism and counter-revolution. In a context of neo-liberal austerity and alienation, the payment of a monthly stipend by Gulf billionaires to unemployed youths is one more expedient to hinder the full mobilization and politicization of these youths of the full impact of capitalism on humans everywhere.
Pope Francis has weighed in on the beheadings and called the 21 EGYPTIAN Copts who were murdered by supporters of the ISLAMIC STATE “martyrs.” The Pope stated that the 21 died purely because they were Christians. ISIS is following a grand tradition of beheadings and cutting off of hands that had been perfected by repressive governments for centuries. Progressive intellectuals and anti-imperial forces have for long been pointing to the fact that the war against the regime of ASSAD in SYRIA by the SAUDI government provided the conditions for the rise of ISIS. Other independent authorities reach even further back as in the case of the former UN SECRETARY GENERAL. Speaking at the MUNICH SECURITY CONFERENCE in GERMANY, Kofi Annan blamed the 2003 US-led invasion of IRAQ for the rise of the Islamic State (ISIS), warning that the MIDDLE EAST must evolve and adapt for lasting peace.
“The folly of that fateful decision was compounded by post-invasion decisions. The wholesale disbandment of the security forces, among other measures poured hundreds of thousands of trained and disgruntled soldiers and policemen onto the streets. The ensuing chaos has proved an ideal breeding ground for the SUNNI radical groups that have now coalesced around the ISLAMIC STATE label.”
ROLE OF US INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES IN EASTERN LIBYA
This same statement about the outcomes of the war in IRAQ can be stated quite firmly in relation to the outcomes of the NATO intervention in LIBYA. In short, it is not possible to fully discuss how to rid LIBYA and NORTH AFRICA of the so-called ISIS without a full blown examination of the role and activities of the CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY in EASTERN LIBYA. Many of the misguided youths who are now called ISIS were recruited by the CIA in the aftermath of the overthrow of GADDAFI to go to fight in SYRIA. These same LIBYANS are returning and have understood the importance of propaganda. Hence, the slick video messages with profound bloodletting are staged for maximum shock. These recruits learnt the full meaning of Shock and Awe.
One can agree with the Pope that the beheadings represented a “barbaric assassination,” but the Pope needs to use the moral authority of his position to expose and condemn the known elements that bankroll ISIS. Now, the military regime in EGYPT is working with the faction of LIBYANS who are supposed to be the legitimate government to call on the UNITED NATIONS to lift the arms embargo against LIBYA and to authorize the open military intervention of EGYPT into LIBYA. The EGYPTIAN regime has now sought to neutralize BRICS by seducing the leader of RUSSIA and presenting himself as being anti-imperialist. SAUDI ARABIA is at the same time seeking to seduce CHINA so that the forces of the global SOUTH will be divided about what is going on in LIBYA and EGYPT. In the UN SECURITY COUNCIL both the representatives of CHINA and RUSSIA are proving that when it comes to questions of destruction in AFRICA they will take a backseat to the machinations of the P3.
The progressive forces will have to be cautious about the hype over the so-called Islamic state. The political leadership of SAUDI ARABIA cannot support violent extremists all over the world and then seek to distance itself from elements such as ISIS that emerged out of its financing of JIHADIDTS that are fighting in IRAQ and SYRIA. When the academics and scribes for the military and foreign policy establishment join in this new call for military intervention in LIBYA to fight ISIS, the progressive forces must organize in all ways possible to expose and deter the UN from giving legitimacy to the repressive regime of EGYPT to whip up militarism in order to maintain itself in power.
By Horace G. Campbell
 Grace Dent, “If teenage girls want to join Isis in the face of all its atrocities, then they should leave and never return,” The Independent, February 23, 2015. http://tinyurl.com/k7vepky
 Human Rights Watch, “Iraq: ISIS Executed Hundreds of Prison Inmates,” October 30, 2014. http://tinyurl.com/lkws28b
 Patrick Cockburn, The Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution, Verso Books, 2014
 See Horace Campbell, “The US, NATO, and the Destruction of Libya,” Telesur, July 31, 2014. http://tinyurl.com/pvga7ef
 David D. Kirkpatrick, “Brazen Figure May Hold Key to Mysteries: Ahmed Abu Khattala Capture May Shed Light on Benghazi Attack,” New York Times, June 17, 2014. http://tinyurl.com/qat876s
 See Horace Campbell, “Lessons from the Kidnapping of Abu Anas al-Libi in Tripoli: Counter-Terrorism and Imperial Hypocrisy’” Counterpunch, November 8-10, 2013. http://tinyurl.com/or89zlb
 David D. Kirkpatrick, “New Law in Libya Bans Some From Office,” News York Times, May 5, 2013. http://tinyurl.com/ns9m9sv
 David D. Kirkpatrick, “Libyan Parliament Fires Central Bank Chairman,” New York Times, September 14, 2014. http://tinyurl.com/p6dyzsr
 Patrick Cockburn, “Private Donors from Gulf States Helping to Bankroll Salaries of Up to 100,000 Isis Fighters,” Counterpunch, February 23, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/mneedkc
 “Libya’s descent into violence – the Guardian briefing,” Guardian, February 16, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/n5u3uut; See also Frederic Wehrey and Wolfram Lacher , “Libya’s Legitimacy Crisis : The Danger of Picking Sides in the Post-Qaddafi Chaos,” Foreign Affairs, October 6, 2014